Acid reflux can be caused be simple things that people do every day. It can be caused by pregnancy, obesity, or smoking. Even stress can pose a problem if a person is extremely upset. Hiatal hernias are a common cause. A hernia occurs when part of the stomach protrudes through a small hole in the muscle wall of the abdomen. Fatty foods, greasy foods, and foods that are heavily spiced will also add to acid reflux symptoms. One of the most common causes of acid reflux is eating a large meal too close to bedtime or lying down immediately after eating. If a person is overweight, this can force the stomach contents back up into the esophagus.
Acid reflux can be a sign that other health conditions are present. An increase in the production of stomach acid can indicate cancer of the stomach or the esophagus. GERD can also be a sign of certain digestive problems such as asthma, heart disease, and infections that affect the upper respiratory system. Although acid reflux may be a result of a physiological reaction within the body, it may not be an actual symptom of another disorder. Individuals who have high levels of uncontrolled stress can also experience excessive amounts of stomach acid. Ulcers can become a problem that is continually aggravated by too much stomach acid.
Sleeping in an inclined position, reducing the number of acids in the diet, and controlling stress are simple ways to help reduce the impact of excessive stomach acid. Other possible treatment options can include losing extra weight, quitting smoking, and eating smaller meals earlier in the day. Simple things, such as avoiding clothes that fit too tightly, are easy fixes. If these steps don't control the amount of acid reflux a person experiences, a doctor may prescribe a medication that is designed to neutralize stomach acid. Using over the counter antacids that contain magnesium may also be beneficial. Medications combined with positive lifestyle changes will help to control the majority of acid reflux symptoms.